On April 13, after the Japanese government officially announced its decision to discharge the sewage from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant into the sea, the US State Department responded by saying that it supported the Japanese government’s decision and that the practice met the globally recognized nuclear safety standards.
After the Japanese government officially announced the above decision, the US State Department issued a statement on its official website, saying that “the Japanese government, in close cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has taken measures to deal with the consequences of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident in March 2011. The Japanese government has announced a decision on the basic policy of Alps (multi nuclide removal equipment) for water treatment, which will discharge the treated nuclear sewage into the sea. ”
“The United States is aware that the Japanese government has studied several options related to the management of treated water stored on site at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant,” the statement said. In the face of this unique and challenging situation, Japan has weighed various options and influences, and has remained transparent about its decisions. It seems to have adopted an approach that conforms to globally recognized nuclear safety standards. ”
The statement claimed that the United States expects the Japanese government to continue coordination and communication to monitor the effectiveness of this method.
At present, China, South Korea and other countries have issued statements on the disposal of nuclear wastewater from the Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan. In response to a reporter’s question on Japan’s decision to discharge nuclear waste water into the sea, foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said that Japan’s proper disposal of the waste water from the Fukushima nuclear power plant is related to the international public interest and the vital interests of neighboring countries, and should be carefully handled to ensure that with the participation of all parties concerned, it can effectively avoid harm to the marine environment, food safety and human health Further damage to health.
On the same day, a spokesman for the South Korean foreign ministry commented on the incident, saying that the move may have a direct or indirect impact on South Korea’s national security and the surrounding environment, which the South Korean side is deeply worried about.
According to Asahi Shimbun, in 2016, the Japanese government working group put forward five schemes for sewage treatment, including placing sewage in geological layer and releasing it in the form of steam. However, it was found that diluting the sewage and discharging it into the sea is the cheapest and fastest way among all feasible schemes.
In February 2020, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) sent an expert group to Fukushima, and the Japanese government proposed two treatment methods for nuclear sewage: steam release and discharge to the sea. In April, the IAEA expert group issued a statement on its official website, saying that both schemes are technically feasible. Under the supervision of safety and environmental protection, nuclear power plants around the world usually adopt the above methods. However, the IAEA still recommends that the Japanese government conduct a comprehensive technical and safety analysis